FOTO Quality Measures are:
- Patient-reported outcome performance measures (PRO-PMs) and meet rigorous scientific standards for reliability and validity. Development and maintenance for FOTO PRO-PMs follow National Quality Forum (NQF) guidelines, which are the gold standard for quality measurement in US healthcare.
- Based on reliable and valid patient-reported outcome measures that were developed using contemporary scientific methods known as item response theory (IRT). Use of IRT results in improvements over traditional or legacy measures such as improved scoring accuracy and validity, absence of floor and ceiling effects, and reduced patient response burden. IRT-based measures may be administered by computer adaptive testing or static short form.
- Risk adjusted so that providers’ performance may be compared fairly. Providers seeing sicker or more complex patients are placed on a level playing field with other providers.
- Compared separately by patient condition and then risk adjusted using advanced methods which account for individual variables within the following categories of patient characteristics: age, gender, acuity, severity level, medical complexity, payer type, surgical history, post-surgical status/type, exercise history, medication use, and history of previous treatment.
- Have extensive reliability and validity analyses established on both the patient-level and the provider-level.
- Approved by CMS for quality outcomes reporting in the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS). For more information visit https://qpp.cms.gov/.
*For more information about FOTO patient-reported outcome measures and risk adjustment, please visit fotoinc.com/peer-reviewed-articles/ to view over 100 studies published in peer-reviewed journals.
Public access to FOTO measures are provided here:
CMS requires MIPS measure specifications to be housed on the CMS Quality Payment Program website, and they may be accessed here under Clinical Quality Measure Specifications.